A classical guitar is a 6-stringed acoustic guitar that typically has nylon treble strings and metal-wounded nylon fiber bass strings. Its fret board is larger than the steel-stringed acoustic guitars. The classical guitar is flexible on the genre of repertoire that can be performed on it because of its polyphonic nature like the piano and also, the compositions and arrangements specifically made for the classical guitar is enormous.
1. Parts of the Guitar
Tuning Pegs – used for tuning the strings
Nut – has a cut for the placement of each string
Fret – consists of raised metallic strips on the fingerboard that sets markings or divides the neck.
Fingerboard – placed over the neck; extending from nut to the edge of the sound hole
Rosette – decorative inlay around the soundhole
Bridge – the strings are attached and they pass over the saddle or the bridge nut
2. Holding the Guitar/Classical Guitar Sitting Position
- Use an armless chair. Sit on the edge of the chair.
- Place the guitar in a position like shown in the image below:
- Use a guitar support like the one shown on the image below to raise your guitar. You can also use a footstool for this purpose. A guitar support, like the one shown above, is convenient to bring anywhere because it is lightweight and fits in most guitar cases. It also gives you a comfortable feeling of having your feet flat on the floor even when raising your guitar in the classical position. Various types of guitar supports are available in music stores.
- Don’t curl your right arm around the guitar. Your right forearm should be placed on the side of the guitar so that your hand goes directly on or near the sound hole.
In the Next Lesson: Right/Left Hands Usage When Playing the Guitar